A child is more at risk for type 1 diabetes if he or she has any of these risk factors:
Type 2 diabetes often causes no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they can include:
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Children at higher risk of type 2 diabetes should be screened. Screening may include tests such as:
Other urine and blood tests may be done to see if your child has type 2 diabetes.
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. The goal of treatment is to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible. Treatment will include:
Children with type 2 diabetes are at risk for problems such as:
Other possible complications that may show up later in life include:
Lifestyle changes that may prevent or delay type 2 diabetes include:
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition. It requires lifestyle changes in order to keep healthy blood glucose levels. It’s important to work closely with your child's healthcare team to create an ongoing plan that works for your child.
It helps if the whole family makes lifestyle changes together to develop healthy habits. For example: